The cartilage is a flexible connective tissue which is located in the joints of hands and feet. It is present in earlobe, nose, airways and chest. It is lighter in weight than bones or muscles. Its main feature is the flexibility that gives ability to adapt the motion and master the high pressures that occur while you move the bones.
Cartilage is the main carrier of joint mobility especially in view of mechanical properties which include response to friction during movement, pressure and tension. Articular cartilage is composed of chondrocytes cells and matrix whose main component is collagen.
As years pass, cartilage begins to shade and this is creating major problems in daily activities. According to age, which is natural process of its exposure, obesity also represents major problem which causes major pressure on joints by increasing the pressure especially on knees and due to it the movement becomes difficult.
Excessive physical activity and weight carry also lead to mechanical damage which is typical or athletes. Controlling machines which produce large vibrations can also lead to exposure of cartilage in the joints.
Road for recovery is one long and arduous and requires strict devotion to therapy.
According to its damage, cartilage is also prone to diseases of which certainly the most common isosteoarthritis which, affects all the joints in the body.
This disease leads to loss of the layer between the bones in the joints which increases the pressure which leads to inflammation and pain. Due to it the muscles around the bones become weak.
The disease occurs in case of injuries or from combination of several factors such as genetic predisposition, age, excessive weight and stress. It is more common in people in their forties and more in men than in women.
Osteoarthritis is developing slowly with a dull pain in the thumb, knee or hip. It cannot be easily diagnosed because the pain in the beginning is not significant. Depending on the stage of the disease, the therapy is determined for healing.
Preference is given to paracetamol in form of ibuprofen or diklofen drugs. If they cannot help, antirheumatic drugs are following. Control of weight is required with gentle exercise. The final option for cure is operation or use of injections of hyaluronic acid.
Chondrolysis is a disease which occurs in the matrix of the cartilage as surface necrosis on the articular surfaces or as a crack. The cause can come from injury, infection or result from long immobilization of joints.
Chndromalacia is a joint disease accompanied by severe pain during movement. This disease can occur in adolescence, particularly in girls and is characteristic as deformation of the legs in the form of X or O or unequal limbs.
Achondroplasia is an inherited disease that is happening as result of genetic mutations. In this disease the problem is happening due to transformation of the cartilage in the bones which leads to disturbances in the development and dwarfism.
Spinal disc herniation is a disease which usually affects older people in which there is damage present in their in-between drives. As a result of heavy lifting, sudden bending or twisting of the spine, penetration of the core drive is happening through the fibrous ring and pressure to nerves which pass through the spine. If there occurs a split to ligaments which are connecting the vertebrae, it comes to occurrence of disc herniation that causes severe pain.
Tumors of cartilage occur rarely and can primarily develop in the bones. Chondromas are benign and chondrosarcoma are malignant tumors of the articular cartilage.
High quality food which is rich in vitamins and amino acids can prevent damages of the cartilage. Especially the intake of amino acid lysine is important via pulses, eggs, soybeans, yoghurt, cheese and dried fruit. Also another important substance is hrodotin which keeps the elasticity and suppleness of joints which can be found in seafood, lobster, crab…
Food rich in vitamins helps in restoring and preserves cartilage of joints
Vitamin A – as a powerful antibiotic it fights against free radicals that can damage cells. During the recovery of cartilage it is desirable for you to consume foods which are rich in this vitamin: fish oil, dairy product, vegetables, brightly colored peppers, tomatoes, melons and carrots.
Vitamin C – helps in regenerating the collagen which plays major role in the formation of tendons and ligaments. The recommendation is up to 90mg daily of vitamin supplementation or through citrus fruits as oranges, lemons, kiwi and grapefruit and vegetables as green salad.
Vitamin D – Vitamin D deficiency can cause arthritis and thus lead to joint diseases. The development of this vitamin is happening if you simply stay in the sun and by consumption of food such as fish, ostiriga, dairy products, butter and margarine.
Vitamin K – this vitamin activates the Gla protein which is required for the reconstruction of the cartilage. It also controls the mineralization of bones and supports the development of bone tissue. Lettuce, parsley and olive oil are particularly rich in this vitamin. Its recommended daily intake is 125mg for men and 90mg for women.
When it comes to glucosamine, it is considered to be one of the most effective drugs for the treatment of arthritis and cartilage regeneration. Glucosamine is used as glucosamine sulfate whose application stimulates the incorporation of sulfur into cartilage, increases flexibility and mobility of the joint. Glucosamine is applied topically in cream form, gel or lotion that treats affected area together with analgesics for alleviation of pain.
In alternative medicine, several well-known ways for threating arthritis and joint pain are mentioned.
Natural way for cartilage regeneration
Application of bovine gelatin is one of the most effective natural remedies for the regeneration of damaged cartilage. The composition of gelatin is very similar to cartilage; it is rich in amino acids, proteins and collagen and with its regular consumption positive effects are following.
It is recommended to consume up to 10 grams per day in the treatment which lasts 30 days. After completing this treatment, six months break should follow.
In case of red and inflamed knee, two coating which have immediate effect should be applied. The coating of sour milk mixed with a little amount of olive oil should be applied to the sore knee and wrapped with cotton cloth.
Since sour milk draws out the heat, coating by this will decrease the inflammation. Other coating involves use of cabbage leaves, mash them and apply them to your knee and then wrap them with cotton cloth. This coating should stand for 2 hours.
In case of chronic pain, nettle tea is recommended which is rich in silicic acid whose effect can help and reduce the pain. Tea should be prepared by two teaspoons of nettle poured with 200 ml of water and like this prepared drink should be consumed three times a day.
Physical therapies are effective for eliminating the joint pain which involve magnets and LED lights that reduce swelling, pain and stiffness and by the way do not have any adverse effects.
Acupuncture s also one of the ways to alleviate the pain because it acts on the immune system, reduces stress and increases the resistance of the organism. Also, spending time in spas and treatments of mineral water and mud are recommended to patients with arthritis and act therapeutically on the diseased joints.